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(C# tutorial) How to create edge detection function

by Aurelio Abel Castillo   on Feb 06, 2015   Category: C#   |  Views: 1089    |  Points: 25   |  Starter 


I am really interested in Computer Vision technology, so I started to dig deeper in this topic. This is how I found the code below for edge detection, a method belonging to object detection.
If you are interested in implementing edge detection in C#, too, here you can find the code I tried. The code is from a prewritten C# camera library you can all access.

To develop the edge detection function you only need to have a Visual C# WPF Application created in Visual Studio and the VOIPSDK.dll and NVA.dll files (from www.camera-sdk.com ) added to the references.

Creating the user interface is the first step. It will help you to use edge detection by providing an easy-to-use interface. You will have two fields to display the original image and the processed image of the camera, you can set values for Canny Threshold and Canny Threshold Linking and you can set whether you want the edges of the detected elements to be white or colorized. You can find the code of the GUI under Form1.Designer.cs.

Under Form1.cs there is the code for the edge detection function. You can see how to code is built up and what you should to create this function. There will be the different methods you have to call and all the configurations are described.

Trust me, guys, this source code will help you a lot, it made my life easier. Good luck!



// Form1.Designer.cs

namespace EdgeDetection
{
partial class Form1
{
/// <summary>
/// Required designer variable.
/// </summary>
private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

/// <summary>
/// Clean up any resources being used.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>
protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
{
if (disposing && (components != null))
{
components.Dispose();
}
base.Dispose(disposing);
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code

/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.btn_Set = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.tb_CannyThreshold = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
this.groupBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox();
this.chk_Colorized = new System.Windows.Forms.CheckBox();
this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
this.label4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
this.groupBox1.SuspendLayout();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// label1
//
this.label1.AutoSize = true;
this.label1.Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 8.25F, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, ((byte)(238)));
this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(30, 265);
this.label1.Name = "label1";
this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(87, 13);
this.label1.TabIndex = 0;
this.label1.Text = "Original image";
//
// label2
//
this.label2.AutoSize = true;
this.label2.Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 8.25F, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, ((byte)(238)));
this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(370, 265);
this.label2.Name = "label2";
this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(103, 13);
this.label2.TabIndex = 1;
this.label2.Text = "Processed image";
//
// btn_Set
//
this.btn_Set.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(182, 188);
this.btn_Set.Name = "btn_Set";
this.btn_Set.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(58, 23);
this.btn_Set.TabIndex = 2;
this.btn_Set.Text = "Set";
this.btn_Set.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
this.btn_Set.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.btn_Set_Click);
//
// tb_CannyThreshold
//
this.tb_CannyThreshold.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(153, 31);
this.tb_CannyThreshold.Name = "tb_CannyThreshold";
this.tb_CannyThreshold.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(87, 20);
this.tb_CannyThreshold.TabIndex = 4;
//
// groupBox1
//
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.chk_Colorized);
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.label3);
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking);
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.label4);
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.btn_Set);
this.groupBox1.Controls.Add(this.tb_CannyThreshold);
this.groupBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(677, 12);
this.groupBox1.Name = "groupBox1";
this.groupBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(258, 230);
this.groupBox1.TabIndex = 12;
this.groupBox1.TabStop = false;
this.groupBox1.Text = "Settings";
//
// chk_Colorized
//
this.chk_Colorized.AutoSize = true;
this.chk_Colorized.CheckAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
this.chk_Colorized.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(98, 115);
this.chk_Colorized.Name = "chk_Colorized";
this.chk_Colorized.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(69, 17);
this.chk_Colorized.TabIndex = 15;
this.chk_Colorized.Text = "Colorized";
this.chk_Colorized.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
//
// label3
//
this.label3.AutoSize = true;
this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(27, 76);
this.label3.Name = "label3";
this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(121, 13);
this.label3.TabIndex = 14;
this.label3.Text = "CannyThresholdLinking:";
//
// tb_CannyThresholdLinking
//
this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(153, 73);
this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking.Name = "tb_CannyThresholdLinking";
this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(87, 20);
this.tb_CannyThresholdLinking.TabIndex = 13;
//
// label4
//
this.label4.AutoSize = true;
this.label4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(61, 34);
this.label4.Name = "label4";
this.label4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(87, 13);
this.label4.TabIndex = 11;
this.label4.Text = "CannyThreshold:";
//
// MainForm
//
this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(947, 307);
this.Controls.Add(this.groupBox1);
this.Controls.Add(this.label2);
this.Controls.Add(this.label1);
this.FormBorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
this.MaximizeBox = false;
this.Name = "MainForm";
this.Text = "Edge Detection";
this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.MainForm_Load);
this.groupBox1.ResumeLayout(false);
this.groupBox1.PerformLayout();
this.ResumeLayout(false);
this.PerformLayout();

}

#endregion

private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button btn_Set;
private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox tb_CannyThreshold;
private System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox groupBox1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Label label4;
private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox tb_CannyThresholdLinking;
private System.Windows.Forms.CheckBox chk_Colorized;
}
}

// Form1.cs

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Ozeki.Media.MediaHandlers;
using Ozeki.Media.MediaHandlers.Video;
using Ozeki.Media.MediaHandlers.Video.CV;
using Ozeki.Media.MediaHandlers.Video.CV.Processer;
using Ozeki.Media.Video.Controls;

namespace EdgeDetection
{
public partial class Form1 : Form
{
WebCamera _webCamera;
MediaConnector _connector;

ImageProcesserHandler _imageProcesserHandler;
IEdgeDetector _edgeDetector;
FrameCapture _frameCapture;

VideoViewerWF _originalView;
VideoViewerWF _processedView;
DrawingImageProvider _originalImageProvider;
DrawingImageProvider _processedImageProvider;

public Form1()
{
InitializeComponent();
}

void MainForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
Init();

SetVideoViewers();

InitDetectorFields();

ConnectWebcam();

Start();
}

void Init()
{
_frameCapture = new FrameCapture();
_frameCapture.SetInterval(5);

_webCamera = WebCamera.GetDefaultDevice();
_connector = new MediaConnector();
_originalImageProvider = new DrawingImageProvider();
_processedImageProvider = new DrawingImageProvider();

_edgeDetector = ImageProcesserFactory.CreateEdgeDetector();

_imageProcesserHandler = new ImageProcesserHandler();
_imageProcesserHandler.AddProcesser(_edgeDetector);
}

void SetVideoViewers()
{
_originalView = new VideoViewerWF
{
BackColor = Color.Black,
Location = new Point(10, 20),
Size = new Size(320, 240)
};

_originalView.SetImageProvider(_originalImageProvider);
Controls.Add(_originalView);

_processedView = new VideoViewerWF
{
BackColor = Color.Black,
Location = new Point(350, 20),
Size = new Size(320, 240)
};

_processedView.SetImageProvider(_processedImageProvider);
Controls.Add(_processedView);
}

void InitDetectorFields()
{
InvokeGUIThread(() =>
{
tb_CannyThreshold.Text = _edgeDetector.CannyThreshold.ToString();
tb_CannyThresholdLinking.Text = _edgeDetector.CannyThresholdLinking.ToString();
chk_Colorized.Checked = _edgeDetector.Colorized;
});
}

void ConnectWebcam()
{
_connector.Connect(_webCamera, _originalImageProvider);

_connector.Connect(_webCamera, _frameCapture);
_connector.Connect(_frameCapture, _imageProcesserHandler);
_connector.Connect(_imageProcesserHandler, _processedImageProvider);
}

void Start()
{
_originalView.Start();
_processedView.Start();

_frameCapture.Start();
_webCamera.Start();
}

void btn_Set_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
InvokeGUIThread(() =>
{
_edgeDetector.CannyThreshold = Double.Parse(tb_CannyThreshold.Text);
_edgeDetector.CannyThresholdLinking = Double.Parse(tb_CannyThresholdLinking.Text);
_edgeDetector.Colorized = chk_Colorized.Checked;
});
}

void InvokeGUIThread(Action action)
{
BeginInvoke(action);
}
}
}



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